By Stephen S. Carey
This concise but accomplished advisor presents an creation to the medical approach to inquiry. you won't in basic terms know about the correct behavior of technological know-how but in addition how you can realize and query elements similar to pseudoscience, untestable motives and fallacies. Compact adequate for use as a supplementary e-book, but accomplished sufficient in its insurance for use as a middle publication, this ebook assists clients in utilizing the medical approach to layout and determine experiments.
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Extra resources for A Beginner's Guide to Scientific Method , 4th Edition
Thus, aspirin reduces the clotting effect that can lead to serious heart attack. 2 A friend applied for a job she really wanted to get. Yet now she tells us she finds the job utterly uninteresting and probably wouldn’t accept it even if it were offered to her. Why the change in attitude? We discover subsequently that our friend learned she had no chance of getting the job. But how, if at all, did this bring about her change in attitude about the job? The answer may well lie in a causal mechanism, often called cognitive dissonance reduction, that makes people cease desiring that which they cannot get; you may be familiar with this mechanism under its more common name, sour grapes.
Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. EXPLANATION 33 have uncovered a positive correlation between education and income. Suppose instead we had found that the income of those having four or more years of college was actually lower than that of people with less education. This finding would suggest a negative correlation between the two factors.
Instead, you are asking for the reason why something is the case, the reason for the mess on my shirt. “Oh that,” I reply. “It’s my red pen. ” In speaking of a “scientific explanation” we are speaking of an explanation in this latter sense: an account of how or why something is the case. Explanations in science are often identified with causes, as in the example just above. To give a causal explanation of something is to set forth those events that led up to the thing in question. My pen leaked, I didn’t notice it and the ink saturated my shirt.