By Paul Le Blanc
In addition to the most narrative, a bibliographical essay directs readers to vintage works and state-of-the-art scholarship within the box of U.S. hard work background in addition to to proper ¬fiction, poetry, and ¬films for extra exploration or learn. The book’s great thesaurus deals transparent definitions and thought-provoking mini-essays for nearly 2 hundred phrases, from the main easy to the main complicated and technical.
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Extra info for A Short History of the U.S. Working Class: From Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century
Such notions were incorporated by Jefferson into the Declaration of Independence of 1776: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.
There are others whose contributions must be acknowledged. For valuable suggestions and kind words of encouragement I would like to thank Elaine Bernard of the Harvard Trade Union Program. Two veteran activists who deserve much thanks for reading through this work and offering good critical feedback are Russ Gibbons, formerly of the United Steelworkers of America, AFL-CIO and for many years editor of Steel Labor, more recently of the Philip Murray Labor Institute at the Community College of Allegheny Country, and David Demarest, a professor of English at Carnegie-Mellon University who has for many years been immersed in literature related to the working class of the Pittsburgh area.
One of the first strikes occurred in 1768, when twenty journeymen tailors in New York City struck against a reduction in wages. Workers were initially hesitant to exclude employers from their organizations. As late as 1817, a journeymen printers’ association only reluctantly excluded master printers from membership. But with the advancing development of the capitalist economy workers came to see a fundamental division between themselves and the enterprising businessmen for whom they worked. —was seen as extremely radical not only by businessmen but also by many workers.