Annals of Theoretical Psychology by Arthur W. Staats (auth.), Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos

By Arthur W. Staats (auth.), Arthur W. Staats, Leendert P. Mos (eds.)

I were inquisitive about developing a unified conception for a few years, in contemplating the kingdom of psychology's unity-disunity, and in as a rule try­ ing to cajole our career to paintings on its unification. during this paintings i've got had the chance to turn into familiar with the works of a few different psychologists whose statements indicated they had anything to assert on those subject matters. I observed additionally that it might be very effective for psychology to have those members deal with themselves to psychology's disunity-unity, consid­ ered as an issue that are supposed to be faced and addressed. In 1983 i started to point that it was once my purpose to dedicate a e-book to the subject, as noticeable during the eyes of a gaggle of trendy psychologists occupied with comparable matters. It used to be very lucky from my point of view that Joseph Royce and later Leendert Mos, who have been modifying this sequence, have been attracted to this booklet. I authorized the former's invitation to do in the current sequence the publication I had deliberate. even supposing i need to imagine accountability for number of the members, for the book's association, and for the 1st modifying in their papers for substance, professional­ fessor Mos provided to assist in an article skill and i'm so much thankful for his contributions to the formal enhancing. the quantity is far more advantageous due to his cautious efforts, which in a single case concerned rewriting material.

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It has been the present author's view that what is involved is a progression in science, from such early beginnings in inquiry, to those that pertain today (see Staats, 1963, pp. 245-258). In equating language with theory a progressive concept is introduced. Theory is not restricted to that which is axiomatic and mathematical. Theory is that which functions in the role of theory. Theory is on a continuous dimension, beginning with common language statements that claim to relate to events of the world in a manner expressing some knowledge of those events (Staats, 1968a).

We see this same tendency at least implied in the historical description of the early natural sciences: "Being able to take no common body of belief for granted, each writer on physical optics felt forced to build his field anew from its foundations" (Kuhn, 1962, p. 13). It has been suggested, rather, that those early scientists built their theories as if they were new not because they did not believe or find value in what had gone before but because their experience as members of a disunified science instructed them that it was only the individually new scientific product that was valued, that constructive extensions of existing theories were not considered important or original (Staats, 1983a).

Positivism produced a guiding framework that resulted in abundant productivity. But it did not provide a means of handling that productivity in a way that would make articulated, generally meaningful sense. Nor did the framework provide a foundation of interest for the problems of unification. So the deluge of knowledge has continued without respite, in ever increasing volume, without any means of channeling the flood. 1 • Unified Positivism: Philosophy for the Revolution to Unity 31 That circumstance itself creates a tension which has been described in many ways-as aimlessness and lack of direction, excessive diversity, the failure of positivism, the triviality of experimentation, the need for theoretical meaning, the failure of grand theorizing, the need to divide psychology.

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