Appetite: Regulation, Use of Stimulants and Cultural and by Julie Bienertova-vasku

By Julie Bienertova-vasku

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A timed high-fat diet led to weight loss in laboratory mice in comparison with a group which enjoyed unrestricted access to food even though the total caloric intake was the same. , 2012). , 2011). Whether the beneficial effects of food timing are also applicable to people suffering from obesity is thus a valid question. Unfortunately, not much research into the effects of meal schedule on food intake and body weight has been carried out in humans. In a group of obese patients with BMI>40 kg/m2 and psychological co-morbidities, multi-modal non-diet interventions including moderate physical activity, psychological intervention and healthy and regular food intake were able to induce both a lowering of the food intake and a permanent weight reduction.

2007) and back to morning activity after approximately 20 years of age. Men generally have a propensity for later chronotypes than women, most noticeably during adolescence and early adulthood. , 2007). Sex and age must therefore be taken into account in chronobiological research. Recently, neuroanatomical differences between morning and evening chronotypes were located in the structure of white matter in several brain areas using magnetic resonance imaging. , 2013). , 2013). , 2012). The causal relation is subject to debate.

9 (1), 11-24. , et al. (2012), 'Night eating syndrome: implications for severe obesity', Nutr. Diabetes, 2, e44. Collado Mateo, M. , et al. (2012), 'Morningness-eveningness and sleep habits among adolescents: age and gender differences', Psicothema, 24 (3), 410-5. , et al. , 235 (2), 266-71. , Kloss, J. , and Grandner, M. (2013), 'A prospective study of weight gain associated with chronotype among college freshmen', Chronobiol. , 30 (5), 682-90. Cummings, D. , et al. (2001), 'A preprandial rise in plasma ghrelin levels suggests a role in meal initiation in humans', Diabetes, 50 (8), 1714-9.

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