Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility: Theory and Management by Gunter K. von Noorden MD, Emilio C. Campos MD

By Gunter K. von Noorden MD, Emilio C. Campos MD

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Additional resources for Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility: Theory and Management of Strabismus, Sixth Edition

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New York, Academic Press, 1962, p 98 ff. 3. Ambrose P, Noorden GK von: Pastpointing in comitant strabismus. Arch Ophthalmol 94:1896, 1976. 4. Ames A, Gliddon GH: Ocular measurements. Trans Sect Ophthalmol AMA June 1928, p 102. 5. Archer SM, Helveston EM, Miller KK, Ellis FD: Stereopsis in normal infants and infants with congenital esotropia. Am J Ophthalmol 101:591, 1986. 6. Asher H: Suppression theory of binocular vision. Br J Ophthalmol 37:37, 1953. 7. Avilla C, Noorden GK von: Limitation of the TNO random dot stereo test for visual screening.

They fail, however, to explain many phenomena of binocular vision, particularly stereopsis. Also, as Linksz68, p. 846 argued, the motor responses to the relative displacement of similar and dissimilar targets in a haploscope could not be as different as they are if alternate suppression were the basis of single binocular vision. Experiments in cats and monkeys have shown that when receptive fields from corresponding points of the retina are superimposed in the plane of an optimal stimulus, firing is markedly facilitated.

One can think of each retinal element as being the center of attraction of a retinal unit, the attraction diminishing as the distance from the element increases. In considering this simile, keep in mind that (1) the retinal units are overlapping, and (2) the stimulation of neighboring units may result in inhibitory stimulation of surrounding units. Neurophysiologic Theory of Binocular Vision and Stereopsis The correspondence theory has been built on the basis of overwhelming evidence from psychophysical data.

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