Continuum theory and modeling of thermoelectric elements by Christophe Goupil

By Christophe Goupil

Sound wisdom of the newest study leads to the thermodynamics and layout of thermoelectric units, delivering a fantastic origin for thermoelectric aspect and module layout within the technical improvement technique and therefore serving as an essential device for any program development.
The textual content is aimed commonly on the venture developer within the box of thermoelectric know-how, either in academia and undefined, in addition to at graduate and complicated undergraduate scholars. a few middle sections deal with the professional within the box of thermoelectric strength conversion, offering certain dialogue of key issues with reference to optimization.
The overseas workforce of authors with event in thermoelectrics study represents such institutes as EnsiCaen UniversitE de Paris, JPL, CalTech, and the German Aerospace heart

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In the two articles [229, 230], the effects found in semiconductor materials are illustratively described in comparison to TE effects. For a more scientific way of description of these effects in semiconductor materials, the reviews [212, 231] are recommended for study. 6 Schematics of the different effects: (a) transversal effects, (b) longitudinal effects in a transverse field, and (c) longitudinal effects in a longitudinal field (adapted from Figures 154–156 in Ref. [76, pp. 311–312]). There is a clear definition of the effects to be studied given by Meissner, as galvanomagnetic effects are caused by an electric current on the one hand, and thermomagnetic effects are caused by a heat flow on the other hand, see [76].

The elementary excitations of the interacting Fermi system are the so-called quasiparticles, which are characterized by their spin, effective mass, momentum, and magnetic moment. The new state induced by switching on the interaction may decay into other states; in other words, the quasiparticles have a finite lifetime. Because of the presence of a nonzero interaction between its constituents, the interacting Fermi system is often called a Fermi liquid in analogy with an ordinary classical liquid characterized by finite interactions and nonnegligible correlations between its constituents.

The global need for alternative sources of energy has revived interest in commercial applications [157] and stimulated interest in developing inexpensive and environmentally friendly TE materials. For spreading thermoelectrics throughout Europe, another outstanding researcher and communicator of thermoelectricity, David Michael Rowe, OBE (1939–2012), has to be mentioned. Rowe greatly contributed to the dissemination of thermoelectricity, particularly by editing the “CRC Handbooks of Thermoelectrics” 1995, 2006, and 2012 [15–18].

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