By Mariusz Czepczynski
The cultural landscapes of valuable eu towns replicate over part a century of socialism and the Marxists' imaginative and prescient of a utopian panorama. structure, city making plans and the visible arts have been thought of to be strong technique of expressing the 'people's power'. despite the fact that, because the velvet revolution of 1989, this city surroundings has been extensively reworked by means of new forces and tendencies, infused through the unfastened industry, democracy and liberalisation. This has ended in 'landscape detoxing' and 'recycling', as those former Soviet countries used new architectural, sensible and social kinds to remodel their urbanscapes, their meanings and uses.Comparing case stories from varied post-socialist towns, this booklet examines the culturally conditional adaptations among neighborhood powers and constructions regardless of the similarities within the common approaches and structures. It considers the modern cultural landscapes of those post-socialist towns as a dynamic fusion of the outdated communist varieties and new free-market meanings, good points and democratic practices, of world affects and native icons. The publication argues that those urbanscapes sincerely replicate the social, cultural and political stipulations and aspirations of those transitional international locations and so a severe research of them presents vital insights.
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Additional info for Cultural Landscapes of Post-socialist Cities : Representation of Powers and Needs (Re-Materialising Cultural Geography)
As Cosgrove and Geographical Studies of Cultural Landscape 31 Jackson (1987) rightly pointed out, there was a need to adopt more interpretative rather than strictly morphological methods, and in line with the landscape as text metaphor, the most commonly favoured methods were drawn from linguistics and semiotics. In this view, the landscape was a text to be read as a social document or a spatial language, a parallel to Geertz’s (1973) anthropological interpretation of cultural texts in which the idea was that there were multiple layers of meaning, including the one that social scientists added on through their interpretation.
The naturalist philosopher Carl Ritter (1779–1859) extends Herder’s intuitions and emphasizes the determining inﬂuence of the natural environment upon the origin and evolution of civilizations. He also articulates the essential dialectics of spatial scales by envisioning the municipality, then the region, the country, the nation, the cultural area and ﬁnally the world. Focusing on diversity of people and landscapes, the German school had been inﬂuence by social Darwinism, where societies are perceived as quasi-biological organisms that compete with each other (Bonnemaison 2005).
Russian landscape science tradition Since the early 20th century, landscape science has played an important role in Russian, and later Soviet physical geography, occasionally aspiring to cross the physical–human divide. Together with ‘general physical geography’, landscape 22 Cultural Landscapes of Post-Socialist Cities science constitutes a Russian ‘national school’ of geography. The Russian approach has emphasized landscape’s bio-physical characteristics and its potential for utilization or transformation by humanity (Shaw and Oldﬁeld 2007).