Dialectic of Love: Platonism in Schiller's Aesthetics by David Pugh

By David Pugh

Unravelling the contradictions and complexities of Friedrich Schiller's aesthetic concept, David Pugh illuminates the interior dynamics of those writings and areas them inside a much wider philosophical and cultural context. sleek discussions are inclined to concentrate on Schiller's notion when it comes to the Enlightenment, yet Pugh argues that his rules have a better affinity with old and Renaissance inspiration. this article analyzes the arguments of Schiller's significant writings on aesthetics and argues that his philosphical suggestion, theories, and ideas are attribute of the Platonic culture. Schiller's belief of good looks is noticeable as synthesis, the chic as separation. Pugh connects those options to Aristotle's critique of Plato's idea of rules, during which he issues out an aporia of chorismos (separation) and methexis (participation), and argues that attractiveness and the chic in Schiller's inspiration function basically as metaphysical kinfolk of methexis and chorismos and in basic terms secondarily as aesthetic techniques. whereas Schiller, Pugh unearths, isn't very compatible for the position of champion of the Enlightenment, he is still a vital determine within the transmission of the Platonic culture to trendy idealism and within the aesthetic program of that metaphysical background.

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Less understandable, after this promising start, is why Busing argues so doggedly for the "Kunstcharakter" (artistic character) of the sublime, attacking all critics who emphasize the term's obvious moral content. 52 This link is as important to Schiller as it is to Kant, and there is not the slightest point in denying it. Busing's strategy accords with the modern propensity to emphasize "the autonomy of the aesthetic," an alleged innovation of Kant and Schiller that, if genuine, could be used to defend Schiller from the charge of being a moralist rather than a poet (cf.

2, pp. 249-50. The spelling has been modernized in some places. Introduction 21 following chapters will be concerned mainly with metaphysics, psychological considerations cannot be ignored entirely, and chapters 6 and 7, especially, will trace the contours of Schiller's mature philosophy as they first appear in his more subjective writings of the 17805. The later dilemmas are foreshadowed in the context of his so-called philosophy of love, in which, in a characteristically Schillerian mixture, metaphysical and religious statements stand alongside a theory of the emotions underlying poetic creation.

98). Kondylis is able to explain the popularity of the doctrine of love in the later Enlightenment (and also in Schiller's early thought) in terms of the anti-Cartesian "Rehabilitation der Sinnlichkeit" (rehabilitation of sensibility) during that period; see Entstehung der Dialektik, pp. 34-35: "Already in its original form of the mutual relations of the sexes, [love] appears as an interaction of mind and sensibility, by which the mind is enlivened and sensibility is refined. " ("Schon in der Urform der Beziehung der Geschlechter zueinander erscheint [die Liebe] als eine Zusammenwirkung von Geist und Sinnlichkeit, wodurch der Geist belebt und die Sinnlichkeit veredelt wird.

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