By Miguel Ángel Malo, Dario Sciulli
This booklet comprises empirical contributions concentrating on deprived staff. in keeping with the eu Commission’s definition, deprived employees comprise different types of staff with problems getting into the labour industry with no counsel and for this reason, requiring the appliance of public measures aimed toward enhancing their employment possibilities. as well as the labour marketplace point of view, this is often additionally suitable when it comes to social unity, that's one of many important goals of the ecu Union and of its Member States. This paintings bargains with the main proper teams of deprived employees, specifically disabled employees, younger employees, ladies dwelling in depressed components, migrants within the labour industry and the long term unemployed, and analyses the location within the Italian, Spanish and a few African labour markets. The determinants of drawback within the labour marketplace are investigated, highlighting either the function of offer variables, together with structural components and the weak spot at the call for facet, the position of the commercial problem and the ineffectiveness of a few labour regulations. a posh framework emerges within which deprived teams may well proportion universal difficulties, either when it comes to integration into the labour industry and when it comes to operating stipulations, yet frequently require group-specific guidelines, making an allowance for their intergroup heterogeneity.
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Additional info for Disadvantaged Workers: Empirical Evidence and Labour Policies
E. mfx Coef. e. 7 %. 1 %. However, the 44 M. Agovino et al. parameter referring to past strong limitations is not significant. These findings are in line with those of Gannon (2005) (including magnitudes), except for the significance of the lagged disability status. 1 % in the case of persistence in strong limitations. Interestingly, we find that a worsening in the seriousness of disability status between limitations (at time tÀ1) and strong limitations (at time t) does not produce a significant decrease in labour force participation.
39 % 36 M. Agovino et al. 9 % among individuals with strong limitations. 9 %). 8 %). 3 %). 6 %) when compared to other groups. Conversely, educational level strongly diverges across different limitation levels. 2 % of the sample. 9 %). In contrast, low educated individuals are underrepresented among individuals with medium and high levels of education. 8 % of those with limitations. 7 % are highly educated. These findings confirm a standard finding of studies examining disability: disabled individuals encounter difficulties in accessing education.
94) (1) Whole S. 57) (5) Dis. 09) 2 Disability and Work: Empirical Evidence from Italy 27 (1) Whole S. 0998) t statistics in parentheses in the upper part of the table. 123) (5) Dis. 128) 28 T. Addabbo et al. : double discrimination and disabled women’s rights. Gend Dev 3(2):49–53 Cullinan J, Gannon B, Lyons S (2011) Estimating the extra cost of living for people with disabilities. Health Econ 20(5):582–599 Gannon B, Brian N (2003) Disability and labour market participation. Papers HRBWP04, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) ISTAT (2004a) Indagine di ritorno sui disabili.