Government, Markets and Vocational Qualifications: An by Peter Raggatt, Steve Williams

By Peter Raggatt, Steve Williams

In the course of the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties the elaboration of a reformed process of vocational skills was once maybe the main debatable of all of the governments efforts to enhance the supply of vocational schooling and coaching. dependent mostly on interviews with approximately a hundred people who have been heavily concerned with those reforms, this e-book presents an in-depth account of the origins, improvement and implementation of NVQ and GNVQ regulations. In accounting for the development of vocational skills coverage 3 major parts are lined via the e-book. to start with the authors examine the origins of the reformed method, then research the preliminary implementation of the NVQ and GNVQ rules within the overdue Nineteen Eighties and early Nineteen Nineties and establish the enormous difficulties that followed the reform approach. Thirdly, the ebook makes a speciality of the ways that the reformed coverage used to be sustained through the Nineteen Nineties.

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I think that was mainly as a result of trying to get away from timeserving. [Training] was being used as a form of restrictive practice really, for trade unions to restrict entry and therefore raise skill shortages—[to] raise wages by creating skill shortages. (MSC official) In some industries, printing being the prime and most notorious example, the trade unions were using restrictive practices to limit numbers entering…The whole thing [apprenticeship] from an employer’s point of view was getting less and less worth the candle.

7 One of the leading policymakers in the MSC recalled that: The MSC could never get the programmes running as well as it would have liked to have done because as fast as it developed a new programme here, [there was] more unemployment there. It was stimulating us I must say, but it was a big distraction. It meant that all the time we were pushed to invent short-term measures, much needed particularly for the long term unemployed and the youth unemployment…We were pushed always to react to short term crisis.

The first of these was the development of the concept of Occupational Training Families (OTFs), interest in which had been stimulated by a report on Canadian research (Melling, 1978). The MSC commissioned the Institute of Manpower Studies (IMS) to identify: learning objectives across a wide range of occupational sectors for 16–18 year olds; to provide information on how to assess these learning objectives; [and] to consider the relationship between the learning objectives within a framework consisting of specific and broadly related work skills, the world of non-employment, personal effectiveness, and the ownership of skills—the capacity to transfer skills when moving to new and unfamiliar work.

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