By Valtteri Arstila, Dan Lloyd
Our understanding of time and temporal homes is a continuing function of wide awake existence. Subjective temporality buildings and courses each element of habit and cognition, distinguishing reminiscence, conception, and anticipation. This milestone quantity brings jointly examine on temporality from best students in philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience, defining a brand new box of interdisciplinary examine.
The book's thirty chapters contain decisions from vintage texts by way of William James and Edmund Husserl and new essays atmosphere them in historic context; modern philosophical bills of lived time; and present empirical reports of mental time. those final chapters, the bigger a part of the ebook, conceal such themes because the simple psychophysics of mental time, its neural foundations, its interplay with the physique, and its distortion in disorder and altered states of attention.
ContributorsMelissa J. Allman, Holly Andersen, Valtteri Arstila, Yan Bao, Dean V. Buonomano, Niko A. Busch, Barry Dainton, Sylvie Droit-Volet, Christine M. Falter, Thomas Fraps, Shaun Gallagher, Alex O. Holcombe, Edmund Husserl, William James, Piotr Jaśkowski, Jeremie Jozefowiez, Ryota Kanai, Allison N. Kurti, Dan Lloyd, Armando Machado, Matthew S. Matell, Warren H. Meck, James Mensch, Bruno Mölder, Catharine Montgomery, Konstantinos Moutoussis, Peter Naish, Valdas Noreika, Sukhvinder S. Obhi, Ruth Ogden, Alan o'Donoghue, Georgios Papadelis, Ian B. Phillips, Ernst Pöppel, John E. R. Staddon, Dale N. Swanton, Rufin VanRullen, Argiro Vatakis, until M. Wagner, John Wearden, Marc Wittmann, Agnieszka Wykowska, Kielan Yarrow, Bin Yin, Dan Zahavi
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Our expertise of time and temporal houses is a continuing function of wide awake existence. Subjective temporality constructions and courses each element of habit and cognition, distinguishing reminiscence, notion, and anticipation. This milestone quantity brings jointly learn on temporality from best students in philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience, defining a brand new box of interdisciplinary study.
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Extra resources for Subjective time : the philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience of temporality
From James, W. (1890). Principles of Psychology. 2 vols. New York: Henry Holt. References Clay, E. R. (1882). The Alternative: A Study in Psychology. London: Macmillan. Estel, V. (1885). Neue Versuche über den Zeitsinn. Philosophische Studien, 2, 37–65. Hall, G. S. & Jastrow, J. (1886). Studies of Rhythm. Mind, XI(41), 55–62. Locke, J. ( 1975). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Mehner, M. (1885). Zur Lehre vom Zeitsinn. Philosophische Studien, 2, 546–602. Mill, J.
A number of experimental data are on hand which give us a measure of the delicacy of this latter perception. The problem is that of the smallest difference between two times which we can perceive. The difference is at its minimum when the times themselves are very short. [p. 616] This minimum absolute difference, of course, increases as the times compared grow long. Attempts have been made to ascertain what ratio it bears to the times themselves. According to Fechner’s ‘Psychophysic Law’ it ought always to bear the same ratio.
A certain length of stimulation seems demanded by the inertia of the nerve-substance. Exposed to a shorter influence, its modification fails to ‘set,’ and it retains no effective tendency to fall again into the same form of vibration at which the original feeling was due. This, as I said at the outset, may be the reason why only ‘substantive’ and not ‘transitive’ states of mind are as a rule recollected, at least as independent things. The transitive states pass by too quickly. 2 ANALYSIS OF THE PHENOMENON OF MEMORY Memory proper, or secondary memory as it might be styled, is the knowledge of a former state of mind after it has already once dropped from consciousness; or rather it is the knowledge of an event, or fact, of which meantime we have not been thinking, with the additional consciousness that we have thought or experienced it before.