By Philipe Nemo, Kenneth Casler (trans)
Argues that the West is a coherent cultural entity and discusses the social and political implications of that concept. Nemo weaves jointly political occasions, philosophical discoveries, non secular hobbies, and clinical and technological options of the final 5 or 6 millenia to piece jointly the heritage of the West's improvement.
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Extra resources for What Is The West?
In order to provide a working model for these efforts, Gregory VII took the immensely important initiative of reactivating the study of ancient Roman law, which had lain in NEMO_F6_39-60 What is the West? 42 10/17/05 6:33 PM Page 42 quasi-neglect since the early Middle Ages. Around 1080, Gregory VII ordered Irnerius to establish the first European university of law in Bologna, a city belonging to his vassal, Princess Mathilda. ) which laid the foundations of universal canonic legislation under the premise of establishing Christian society on a solid footing.
Finally, he decreed the celibacy of the priesthood, thus establishing the clergy as an independent social body whose wealth could no longer be dispersed and who would be totally dedicated to its pastoral calling. g. the movement of the Patarini in Milan). e. people such as Humbert of Moyenmoutiers, Hugues de Die, Saint Peter Damien, Saint Anselm of Canterbury, Saint Yves of Chartres, Saint Bruno, Saint Robert of Molesme, and later Saint Francis and Saint Dominic, the founders of the mendicant orders.
It was necessary to relearn their use. As we have seen, Roman law is really a rational yardstick. It is used to distinguish between individual properties and to follow them through their countless permutations in order to render justice. But if one believes that justice is illusory, that only grace is important, Roman law is worthless. If, on the contrary, one believes that salvation depends on the exact extent to which human justice is fulfilled, then Roman law excels. This is the real reason why Roman law became the focus of attention again.